September, 2009 - SUPPORT Summary of a systematic review | print this article |
Physicians prompts can be defined as different mechanisms designed to periodically remind them to perform some action(s) with their patients in order to achieve some defined objective(s) or clinical outcomes, such as the delivery of preventive interventions.
The review included 33 studies, with data on 1,547 physicians and 54,693 patients. All the studies were RCTs and were done in high-income settings (mostly the USA). It included preventive procedures related to cancer screening (faecal occult blood, mammography, Papanicolaou smear); immunization (influenza, pneumococcal, tetanus); diabetes, cholesterol, hemoglobin and blood pressure management and follow-up; cardiac care, smoking cessation, glaucoma screening, alcohol abuse counseling, prenatal care, and tuberculosis testing.
The 33 studies identified reported this comparison. In 13 studies (27,889 patients; 51% of the total) patients were reminded in addition to physicians.
25 studies assessed this comparison. In 11 studies (27,387 patients; 54,7% of the total) patients were reminded in addition to physicians.
8 studies assessed this comparison. In 2 studies (659 patients; 14,2% of the total) patients were reminded in addition to physicians.
An overview summarising the findings of systematic reviews of the effectiveness of different interventions to improve professional practice:
Grimshaw JM, Shirran L, Thomas R, Mowatt G, Fraser C, Bero L, Grilli R, Harvey E, Oxman AD, O'Brien M.
Changing provider behavior: An overview of systematic reviews of interventions. Medical Care 2001; 39: Supplement 2, II-2 - II-45.
A systematic review assessing the effectiveness of various guideline dissemination and implementation strategies across different types of professional practice, including the delivery of preventive services:Grimshaw JM, Thomas RE, MacLennan G, Fraser C, Ramsay C, Vale L et al. Effectiveness and efficiency of guideline dissemination and implementation strategies. Health Technol Assess 2004; 8: (6). http://www.hta.nhs.uk/fullmono/mon806.pdf
Systematic reviews evaluating the effectiveness of different strategies to change professional practice: Farmer AP, Légaré F, Turcot L, Grimshaw J, Harvey E, McGowan JL, Wolf F. Printed educational materials: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD004398.
Jacobson Vann JC, Szilagyi P. Patient reminder and recall systems to improve immunization rates. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD003941.
Jamtvedt G, Young JM, Kristoffersen DT, O’Brien MA, Oxman AD. Audit and feedback: effects on professional practice and health care outcomes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2006, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD000259.
A tool that provides a range of information, checklists, examples and tools based on current research on how to best design and evaluate quality improvement interventions: NorthStar - how to design and evaluate quality improvement interventions in healthcare. http://www.rebeqi.org/?pageID=36&ItemID=18
Cristian Herrera and Tomás Pantoja, School of Medicine, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
None declared. For details, see: http://www.support-collaboration.org/summaries/coi.htm
This summary has been peer reviewed by: Martin Eccles, UK; Mike English, Kenya; George Pariyo, Uganda; Esperança Sevene , Alda do Rosário Elias Mariano and Julie Cliff, Mozambique.
Herrera C, Pantoja T. Does prompting physicians improve performance in preventive care? A SUPPORT Summary of a systematic review. September 2009. http://www.supportcollaboration.org/summaries.htm